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What Is The Best Diet For Your Cat?

What Is The Best Diet For Your Cat?

Proper nutrition is the most important part of caring for your cat. The best diet for your cat is one that replicates what your kitty would normally eat in the wild, but this option isn’t always available.

As a cat parent, you need to be educated on the latest news in cat nutrition! Eating well is the most important step in your cat living a long and healthy life.

Want to give your feline friend the best diet? Keep reading for tips and important information about giving your cat the diet it needs.

What Nutrients Cats Need

Cats are naturally carnivores. This means that they find their nutrients their bodies need specifically in animal products.

In the wild, cats are predators that hunt and consume prey. This prey contains high amounts of protein, fat, and a minimal amount of carbs.

Cats living in the wild normally feed on birds, mice, rabbits, and rats.  A cat’s diet still requires these nutrients today.

Cats do NOT need supplements. They typically reap all their nutrients, vitamins, and minerals from their food.

If you’re considering giving your cat a supplement, be sure to consult with your veterinarian first.

**IMPORTANT** Supplements can be harmful to your cat. Never give your cat supplements without your veterinarian’s approval.

Image result for cats eating bird

Different Cats Have Different Dietary Needs

The ASPCA, recommends that a grown cat should eat enough high-quality, nutritious food to meet their energy standards in order to maintain and repair their body tissues. 

The amount of food you should feed your cat should be based on his/her size, energy level, and age. Activity levels vary for each cat.

Hydration Is Essential

Regardless of your cat’s activity level, always make sure your cat has access to clean drinking water.

According to Noah’s Arc Vet Hospital in Virginia, cats typically drink very little water throughout the day.

Cats rely heavily on their food as their source of water, so it is important to always keep their water bowls throughout your house.

So Many Cat Food Options – How Do You Choose?

It’s easy to get overwhelmed with all the cat food options. The good news is that almost all major brands of cat food have been approved by a team of veterinary scientists, therefore most cat foods are safe for your kitty to consume.

Wet or dry food?

In the wild, cats get most of their water intake from their food. Similarly, eating wet food gives your cat an opportunity to boost their water intake and stay hydrated.

Dry food is great for busy cat parents or cat owners on a budget because it is convenient and cheaper.

However, an all-dry food diet puts your cat at risk of falling short on their water needs.

Overtime, an all dry diet could cause dehydration and lead to kidney diseases and urinary problems.

To prevent this, try balancing your cat’s diet with both wet food and dry food.

Below are the pros and cons of wet and dry food.

Wet Food Pros: 

  • Contains plenty of water to keep your cat hydrated
  • Easier for cats to chew
  • Offers more variety in diet
  • More similar to what cats would eat in the wild

Wet Food Cons: 

  • More expensive than dry food
  • Will cause bacterial growth if left out too long
  • Messy

Dry Food Pros: 

  • Convenient
  • Cheaper
  • Longer shelf life

Dry Food Cons: 

  • Low water content
  • All dry diet makes cats more prone to dehydration
  • Can lead to to kidney and urinary problems overtime
  • Calorie dense – can lead to obesity

**SOLUTION** Purina veterinary nutritionists recommend a balanced diet of both wet and dry food to keep your cat hydrated and add variety to their diet.

Free-Feeding Dangers 

It’s easy to see why free-feeding your cats is an attractive option. Busy cat parents often like to leave a large quantity of dry food out and let their kitties nibble on it throughout the day.

However, free-feeding is not the best option for several reasons listed below:

  • In a household with more than one cat, free-feeding makes it impossible to ensure both cats are eating the same amount of food.
  • Free-feeding can encourage competitive behavior between cats.
  • Free-feeding can lead to obesity from excessive eating.
  • Free-fed cats can still gain weight, even with calorie controlled food.

**SOLUTION** If you have one cat, it’s easy. Simply use the cat food label to portion out the right quantity of food.

If you have multiple cats, put the correct quantity of food for each cat in separate food bowls and place them in different, quiet areas of your house. Guide each cat to their designated food bowl.

This allows each cat to eat out of sight from the other cats and prevent greed and aggression.

Essential Cat Diet Tips

Below are some fundamental steps to follow before you set a diet for your cat.

Once you have these facts and tips in mind, you’ll be prepared to give your kitty the diet he or she needs to be healthy.

  • Know how to read pet food labels: The University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine states that all pet owners should know how to correctly read and interpret pet food labels. There is a lot of advertising around pet foods, and people tend to look for ingredients rather than identifying the correct nutrients their cat needs in a pet food label.
  • Keep your kitty’s needs separate from your own eating habits: You might be a vegan or vegetarian, but always remember that cats are carnivores and need specific nutrients and vitamins that exclusively come from meat. Their needs are different from yours.
  • Remember that carbs and kitties don’t mix: Your cat’s body is specifically designed for a low carb diet. The Journal of Animal Science states that cats don’t produce the enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.
  • Don’t give your cats human food: No matter how hard they beg for a bite of your food, you should remember that cats are not equipped to digest human food, seasonings, or spices. Some human foods cause major health complications for cats. Click here for a complete list of human foods that are dangerous to cats.

Don’t Get Overwhelmed by Food Trends

The list of ingredients people claim to be good and bad for cats is getting longer and more overwhelming. These days, it’s hard to tell fact from fiction.

Don’t fall for scams about dietary restrictions for cats without looking at the evidence.

For example, a grain-free and gluten-free diet for cats is very popular right now and pet food companies are jacking up the price of what they claim to be “premium” products.

Most cats don’t require a grain-free diet unless they have a grain allergy. According to a study published in Veterinary Dermatology, grain allergies were very rare.

The same goes for a gluten-free diet. There is no strong scientific evidence that cats require a gluten-free diet.

Consider these things and do your research before over-paying for cat food based on health fads.

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Treat Control

Giving your cat an occasional treat is not harmful, but treats should be given in moderation and be calculated into your cat’s daily calorie requirements. 

A good rule of thumb with treats is to make sure the treats do not take up more than 10-15% of your cat’s daily food intake.

LEARN MORE: 8 Human Foods Poisonous to Cats 

So what’s the best cat diet?

It all depends on the individual cat. Their age, activity levels, and current health condition are factors that need to be taken into consideration.

As stated above, almost all cat food is regulated and approved by a board of veterinarians, therefore any cat food you encounter at the grocery store is safe and effective at meeting your cat’s nutritional needs.

Just make sure to follow the instructions on the label to ensure your cat is not overfed and at risk of obesity.

Below I’ve listed my top picks for senior cats, kittens, indoor cats, and cats of all stages.

Remember that these are only suggestions and that it is best to consult with a veterinarian before making any permanent decisions.

For Senior Cats

Dry Food Choice: Hill’s Science Diet For Senior Cats 7+, Indoor Formula

Wet Food Choice: Nutro Max Adult Wet Canned Cat Food

For Kittens

Dry Food Choice: Blue Wilderness High Protein Kitten

Wet Food Choice: Royal Canin Nutrition Kitten Food in Sauce

For Indoor Cats 

Dry Food Choice: Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Dry Cat Food

Wet Food Choice: Natural CORE Grain-Free Wet Food

For Cats of All Stages

Dry Food Choice: Taste of the Wild Rocky Mountain Grain-Free Dry Food

Wet Food Choice: Fancy Feast Tender Turkey Primavera Shredded Wet Food

#1 Cat Diet Rule: Always leave your cats with plenty of fresh water.

For the best advice, consult with your veterinarian on food suggestions, especially if your cat has a health condition.

Your vet will be familiar with your cat and have the best idea of how to meet their dietary needs.

QUESTION: What do you feed your kitty? Tell us in the comments below!

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4 Replies to “What Is The Best Diet For Your Cat?”

  1. I have rescued 15 cats and a mother the day before she gave birth to 3 kittens…My cats get moist canned food and packets or cooked chicken or canned salmon…They also have 9 containers of GOOD dry food out for them to nibble on at all times… They choose what they want…The container of Pro Plan chicken is the favorite…A close second is Iams Sensitive Systems…I have several brands that contain no grain and they’re not fond of them…They don’t get vitamins, but they do get a lot of attention…All have been spayed or neutered except the newborns and we don’t believe in declawing…

  2. My 14 year old cats will not eat wet or moist cat food (it can sit for days). They will only eat one brand and will starve themselves when I try the brand you recommend; they drink water all day I leave a faucet running for them

  3. I feed my cat Hills Science Diet Adult 7+ savory turkey entree wet food and Hills science Diet Adult 7+ chicken dry food

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